Zur bleibenden Bedeutung

Dietrich Benner

Abstrakt


Educational teaching is an inventive idea of combining upbringing and education, which was fi rst developed by Johann Friedrich Herbart, a 19th-century German philosopher and pedagogue. He presented it as one of the three stages of the spiritual and intellectual development of a pupil (apart from “ruling the children” and management). Herbart’s concept spread soon and found application primarily in the European educational system in the period of the so-called Herbartianism – since 1850s until 1920s. Also in our times the need for upbringing at school is being discussed, though not in the context of Herbart. Dietrich Benner does not aim at coming back to history, but reading of the Herbartian idea in the light of modern didactics.
In the fi rst chapter the author indicates two tasks for educational teaching: broadening pre-scientifi c experience and communion with other people. In the “artifi cial” conditions of school education pupil’s popular experience should be enriched with science and art, and communion – with politics and religion. The two triads presented (experience – science – art and communion – politics – religion) make the six “interests” of the famous Herbartian idea of versatile training of interests. The second chapter displays three benefi ts arising from the “artifi cial” (i.e. school) broadening of experience and communion. According to Benner these are: thematic, methodological and institutional openness. In the next chapter the author presents a modern interpretation of “the stages of educational teaching”.


Słowa kluczowe


HERBARTS PAEDAGOGIK; HERBARTIANISMUS; DIDAKTIK; ERZIEHENDER UNTERRICHT; KINDERREGIERUNG; ZUCHT; UNTERRICHTSFORMEN; ARTI KULATION; THEMATISCHE; METHODOLOGISCHE UND INSTITUTIONELLE OFFENHEIT

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