Sumienie i rozum praktyczny u Immanuela Kanta

Friedrich Ricken


Conscience is a court of second instance. It is practical mind
insofar as practical mind confronts us with the duty to judge our
actions and insofar as practical mind examines whether we have
fulfilled this second order duty. Conscience allows an action only
if practical mind is certain that the action is not wrong, and it
examines whether this claim has been fulfilled. Practical mind
judges the action; conscience convicts and sentences, or acquits.
Practical mind is not able to decide the quaestio facti whether
I am responsible for the action; that is the task of conscience.
The sanctions of conscience are moral feelings; it is only through
moral feelings that we become aware of the necessity to judge
our actions through practical mind.

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