A LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF COLLEGE STUDENTS’ DIVERSITY PERCEPTION

Murat ÇOLAK, Güler TOZKOPARAN

Abstrakt


The purpose of this study was to verify whether college students' perception of diversity varied between the date they started their university education and the date they graduated and to find out if student life, which provides opportunities for interactions between people of different profiles, is a determinative factor in this change of perception or not. The first phase of the longitudinal study in line with this purpose was concluded in 2010, whereas the second phase was completed in 2014. The study was carried out at Dokuz Eylül University, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, in İzmir, the third largest city of Turkey and covered 1734 students. Three different scenarios were used to determine students' perception of diversity towards people they perceived as different from themselves. Several tests were conducted in 2010 and 2014 to check if there were any significant differences between these three cases and in demographic variables. When the results of these two years were compared, two of them turned out to be particularly significant. The first of these two results from the 2010 study suggested that graduation from high school affected students' perception of diversity, whereas the results of the 2014 study showed that such perception disappeared within time. The second significant result of 2010 revealed that the perception of diversity among students who lived together with their families was different from the perception of those who lived in dormitories, whereas in 2014 no such difference was observed.

Postrzeganie odmienności przez studentów – długookresowe studium badawcze w okresie pomiędzy 2010 a 2014 rokiem.

Streszczenie: Celem niniejszego artykułu jest sprawdzenie, czy postrzeganie studentów w temacie odmienności zmienia się w okresie pomiędzy datą rozpoczęcia a datą ukończenia studiów wyższych. Ponadto autorzy próbują zbadać, czy życie studenckie, które jest okresem możliwości nawiązania dialogu między ludźmi o różnych profilach, ma decydujący wpływ na zmianę tegoż postrzegania, czy nie. Pierwsza faza niniejszego, długookresowego badania została podjęta w 2010 roku, natomiast druga faza została podjęta w 2014 roku. Badanie przeprowadzono na Uniwerystecie Dokuz Eylül, Wydział Administracji i Ekonomii w Izmirze, trzecim co do wielkości mieście w Turcji i objęło łącznie liczbę 1734 uczniów. W pracy badawczej zostały nakreślone trzy scenariusze, aby ustalić jak studenci postrzegają różnorodność osób, które uważają za odmienne, inne od siebie samych. W 2010 i 2014 przeprowadzono szereg ankiet, aby sprawdzić czy istnieją znaczące różnice w założonych trzech scenariuszach oraz zmiennych demograficznych oraz jaki mają wpływ na siebie nawzajem. Kiedy porównane zostały ankiety z 2010 i 2014 roku, na pierwszy plan wysunęły się dwa wnioski. Z przeprowadzonych ankiet w 2010 roku wynika, iż ukończenie danego profilu szkoły średniej ma duży wpływ na postrzeganie różnorodności studentów, podczas gdy wyniki z 2014 roku pokazują, że z biegiem czasu to postrzeganie zaciera się. Drugi ważny wniosek wypływający z ankiet przeprowadzonych w 2010 roku mówi, iż postrzeganie różnorodności studentów mieszkających z rodzicami różni się od postrzegania tych, którzy mieszkają w akademikach, podczas gdy w roku 2014 takiej różnic nie zaobserwowano.

Słowa kluczowe: różnorodność, zarządzanie różnorodnością, postrzeganie różnorodności, wymiary różnorodności


Słowa kluczowe


diversity, management of diversity, perception of diversity, dimensions of diversity

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